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12.12.2001

Actual statistics on Ternopil oblast

   

(The information belongs to the Ternopil oblast directorate of health protection)
Aleksandr Stepanenko, Chortkiv

Unfortunately, the volume and quality of the data collected by the directorate has recently deteriorated, due to the lack of financing.


The population number:
Ternopil oblast — 1152.6 thousand;
town of Ternopil — 233.3 thousand;
Chortkiv district — 81.8 thousand.



Demographic indices:

 

1996


1997


1998


1999


2000


Birth rate


13516


12782


12202


11198


10623


Death rate


16321


16648


15782


16570


15721


Natural growth


–2,4


–3,4


–3,1


–4,6


–4,4

The mortality rate among babies up to 1 year (per 1000 of newborns) in the oblast is 12.0, in particular:



Chortkiv district


11,0


Zborivskiy district


19,3


Shumskiy district


18,4


Lanivetskiy district


15,5


Kozivskiy district


14,9


Comparing to previous years, the mortality rate of babies changes its structure. The proportion of inborn defects, infectious diseases and pathological states, which appeared in the perinatal period (that is from the 28th week of pregnancy to the 7th day after birth) grows.

The differences between the baby mortality rates in various districts of the Ternopil oblast can be explained, in my opinion, by the lower level of social and economic development and medicine in particular in northern districts of the oblast: Lanovetskiy, Zborivskiy, Shumskiy. The fact that recently the proportion of above-mentioned causes of the baby mortality in Ukraine is growing, witnesses of the accumulation of genetic defects, decrease of the immunity and weakening the natural selection factor (this is the negative influence of medicine).

Infectious diseases in 2000:


Total number


Number except influenza and respiratory virus infections


Ternopil oblast


13229,0


711,5


Town of Ternopil


33752,0


1442,0


Chortkiv district


11440,0


1226,6


Pidgayetskiy district


4337,0


318,9


Kozivskiy district


4973,0
 


Zborivskiy district
 

354,6

Such great variation within one oblast is explained by the character of diseases and the accessibility of medical aid: for instance, an inhabitant of a far off village would not go to a district hospital with influenza; as a result, most cases are not registered at all.

Intestinal infections (per 10 thousand):


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast


88,1


77,9


Chortkiv district


105


103

Viral mumps:


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast
 

117,6


Chortkiv district


271


355


Town of Ternopil


58


4981

Leptospirosis:


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast


65


43


Chortkiv district


10


6


Town of Ternopil


9


11

Infectious hepatitis:


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast


37,1


73,4


Chortkiv district


42,3


164,0

AIDS:


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast (absolute numbers)


12


36


Ternopil oblast

(per 100 thousand)


1,0


3,1

Neoplasms:


1999


2000


Ternopil oblast
 

270,9


Chortkiv district
 

233,2

Dynamics of catching TB:


1990


1997


1998


1999


2000


32,0


39,9


46,3


46,4


44,7

Number of beds:


1999


2000


Hospitals


15340


10540


Sanitariums


900


500


Rather high number of infectious diseases (intestinal infections, viral hepatitis A, leptospirosis), in particular in the Chortkiv district, is due to the low quality of drinking water. The reasons of the unprecedented raise of mumps in 1999-2000 are the total decrease of immune resistance and bad vaccination. Not only TB, the frequency of which grew almost twice during last five years, can be called a disease caused by poor social and economic state. As risk factors for a larger number of diseases become: chemical and radiation pollution, inadequate nutrition, irrational medicinal drug therapy, mass alcoholism and other harmful habits, spontaneous migration, psychical and emotional stresses, unhealthy way of life, etc.

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