Urgent problems in Ukraine – sugar diabetes and cancer
Sugar diabetes is a serious medical and social problem, said Vitaliy Moskalenko, the Minister of health protection, in the Parliament on 12 June, the Government day. He told that nowadays there is about one million of sugar diabetes in Ukraine. Among them 11-14% are insulin-dependent, 120 thousand need daily insulin injections, about 300 thousand live on sugar-lowering drugs. According to the Minister, the proportion of the sick in 2000 was 129.4 for 100 thousand. The proportion of the sick children in Ukraine is increasing with time: in 2000 it was 9.3 for 10 thousand; the children are sick only with the insulin-dependent from.
Another serious problem in Ukraine are malignant tumors. The proportion of the sick with cancer and the death rate from the disease are large and show no tendency to diminish. The risk to get this disease grows with the deterioration of the environment and the increase of the average age of the Ukrainian population. According to Moskalenko, the special calculations showed that during the lifetime one of three men and one of five women has the chance to get cancer. The proportion of the sick in 2000 was 316.2 for 100 thousand.
About 160 thousand of new cancer cases were registered last year. According to the forecast, in 2010 this figure will reach 180 thousand.
The Minister also noted that cancer is the cause of more than 15% of the total number of deaths in Ukraine.