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A Crimean Four Political Prisoner Placed in Notorious Serbsky Institute

14.06.16 | Halya Coynash

Oleksiy Chirniy, a Crimean tried illegally in the same case as Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and civic activist Oleksandr Kolchenko has been brought from a Russian prison in Magadan and placed in the Moscow Serbsky Institute. This is the third time that Chirniy has undergone assessments at the Institute, however the move now is undoubtedly strange given that he is already serving a 7-year sentence.

Human rights activist Zoya Svetova reported on June 11 that Chirniy had been brought to Moscow a week earlier. As a member of the public observer committee, she is able to visit prisoners, but had been unable to find Chirniy. She believes that this special operation could be aimed at declaring Chirniy mentally unfit, pardoning him and sending him back to Ukraine for treatment. Otherwise, why bring him to Moscow?, she asks.

It is already known that negotiations are currently underway for the exchange of two other Ukrainian political prisoners, probably for people facing charges over the disturbances in Odesa on May 2, 2014. Gennady Afanasyev was seized in Crimea shortly after Chirniy, and sentenced in a gravely flawed case to 7 years imprisonment.

The other person is Russias oldest Ukrainian political prisoner 74-year-old Yury Soloshenko who was arrested in August 2014, and tricked and pressured into confessing to spying that he could not have committed. The pensioner from Poltava is in ill-health, and even the outgoing Russian Human Rights Ombudsperson recommended that he be pardoned and released. It is typical that this is being dragged out and he made part of some kind of bargaining.

Chirniy is one of four opponents of Russias invasion and annexation of Crimea who were arrested in May 2014, and held incommunicado for weeks before being taken to Russia. There on May 30 the FSB [Russian Security Service] claimed that the four men had been involved in a Right Sector terrorist plot. The ultra-nationalist Right Sector had been much demonized by pro-Kremlin media since Euromaidan, but there is in fact no evidence that it was ever present in Crimea. There was certainly no proof that any of the men were members of this, with the idea that Kolchenko, who is a committed left-wing anarchist would have taken part in a far-right movements plot especially absurd. Some Right Sector emblem had been found during the search of Chirniys room, that was all.

Sentsov and Kolchenko denied all charges from the outset and spoke consistently of having been tortured to force confessions out of them. Sentsov, who is older, an internationally renowned film director as well as an Automaidan activist, was told that if he didnt give the testimony they demanded, they would make him the mastermind of their fictitious plot and he would die in Russian captivity.

Sentsov was sentenced to 20 years on Aug 25, Kolchenko to 10 years after a trial where it became clear from the first day that the prosecutionhad absolutely nothing against the men. The Memorial Human Rights Centre issued a statement in whichit condemned the trial and recognized Sentsov and Kolchenko as political prisoners.

The case entirely hinged on the two confessions.For (initially) agreeing to cooperate with the investigators, both Afanasyev and Chirniy were tried separately and received the minimum 7-year - sentence for terrorism. Afanasyev did take part in two firebomb incidents against the empty premises of organizations directly helping Russias seizure of control in Crimea, while Kolchenko was involved in one. Memorial has examined the charges and points out that they in no way constitute terrorism, and that similar offences in Russia have been classified as hooliganism and resulted in significantly shorter sentences.

Chirniy appeared at the trial of Sentsov and Kolchenko on Aug 30, 2015 and refused to testify (and therefore have to answer questions) in court, but did not retract his earlier testimony.

The bombshell came on Aug 31 when Afanasyev took the stand and not only refused to testify in court, but retracted all previous testimony, saying that he had given it under torture.

On Aug 19, 2015, Memorial alsodeclaredAfanasyev a political prisoner.

Although Chirniy has not been declared a political prisoner, this is only because he did not openly retract this confessions and testimony against the others. All Memorials comments about the trial of the others, as well as human rights defenders condemnation of the trial of Sentsov and Kolchenko as ideologically-motivated state terror against opponents of Russias annexation of Crimea apply equally to Chirniy.

It is extremely worrying that no mention is being made of any possible release of Oleg Sentsov and Oleksandr Kolchenko, although this is required by the Minsk Accord and has been repeatedly demanded by all European structures and democratic countries.

Please write to all four men!

If writing in Russian is a problem, the following would be fine.


, , .

. !

Hello, I wish you good health, courage and patience and hope that you will soon be released. You are not forgotten. [The last word is like hang in there)

Please cut and paste the addresses OR send letters to post.rosuznik[at]gmail.com this is a civic initiative helping to send letters to political prisoners

Oleg Sentsov

677004 . , . , . 25.

, 1976 ..

Oleksandr Kolchenko

(please enclose light-weight paper and an envelope, so that he can reply)

456612, ., , . , 20., , 1989 ..

Please use post.rosuznik[at]gmail.com for Afanasyev, Chirniy and Yury Soloshenko

Gennady Afanasyev

, 1990 ..


, 1981 ..

Yury Soloshenko

, 1942 ..

see also:
Freed Ukrainian Political Prisoner: Sanctions Against Russia Must Continue to Free Others
Russia rejects appeal against Ukrainian filmmaker Sentsovs 20-year sentence
Not Forgotten! Solidarity Campaign for Crimean Four imprisoned in Russia
5 Russian Federal Agencies Pitched Against Courageous Crimean Political Prisoner
Extradition promises for show as Russia forces citizenship on Crimean political prisoner
Misleading headlines over extradition of Sentsov & other Ukrainian hostages
Russia forced to admit that political prisoners Sentsov & Kolchenko are Ukrainian citizens
Where is Russia hiding Crimean political prisoner Oleg Sentsov?
Crimean political prisoner told ’extremism’ is not liking the regime
Russia is continuing its torture of Sentsov, Kolchenko & Afanasyev
Russian court orders Crimean political prisoner Afanasyev to be sent closer home