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03.05.2019 | Halya Coynash

Ukrainian rights activist held prisoner in Russian proxy Donbas ‘republic’ receives international award

Andrey Yarovoi
   

Ukrainian rights activist Andrey Yarovoi (Andriy Yarovyi] has become the laureate of the 2019 Carol and Travis Jenkins Award which is given to former or current drug-users who have made an outstanding contribution to reducing drug-related harm.  Yarovoi has paid a high price for his decade-long work in this field, as he was seized on a monitoring visit to the so-called ‘Luhansk people’s republic’ [‘LPR’] in August 2018 and has been imprisoned ever since.

The 51-year-old from Kyiv has himself been on opioid substitution therapy (OST) since 2009 and has worked over the last decade in human rights work.  He had been working since 2015 as a consultant for an HIV / AIDS prevention program run by the Ukrainian Alliance for Public Health, with one part of this work being to travel to the Russian proxy ‘Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics’ where, in 2015, he spoke with residents about the discontinuation of their OST program.  This was to form the basis of the documentation ‘Donbas: Live or Die?’  The documentary suggests that the responsibility for the collapse of the OST program in occupied Donbas lies with both the Ukrainian authorities who refused to allow the OST drugs to be delivered to the ‘republics’, and to the so-called ‘LPR authorities’ who decided to give up the program.  Since Russia closed the program in Crimea following its invasion and annexation, and the ‘republics’ essentially always take the Russian example, it seems likely that the Ukrainian government’s refusal to deliver the drugs only precipitated, rather than causing, the problem.  Certainly, both Harm Reduction International (HRI) which gives the award, and, seemingly, the European Court of Human Rights appear aware of Russia’s critical role in any behaviour by the ‘republics’ leaders’.

Yarovoi had travelled to the ‘republics’ on several occasions before, however on 26 August 26, he was stopped at the checkpoint while trying to cross into LPR and the 38 Buprenorphine hydrochloride (OST) pills he was carrying seized. He had received these quite legally the day before at a clinic in Kyiv, however the so-called ‘LPR ministry of state security’ decided to claim that he was guilty of ‘large-scale drug trafficking’ over these pills which weighed all of 0.152 mg.  Yarovoi was only able to see a local lawyer whom the Alliance found for him in October 2018.

He has been imprisoned ever since, with the de facto Krasnodon City-District Court on 22 February reportedly having found him ‘guilty’ and passed “a long sentence” (details as to the specific length were not given).  The Alliance reported on 12 February that the European Court of Human Rights had initiated proceedings under Rule 39 (on interim measures) following an application from Yarovoi’s mother.  ECHR gave the matter priority status and demanded information from both the Russian and the Ukrainian Governments on measures taken to contact the people illegally holding Yarovoi. He has been added to the list of  Ukrainian hostages and prisoners of war whom the Ukrainian authorities are trying to get released / exchanged, however there have been no exchanges since 27 December 2017.  It was clear for at least the last six months that the Kremlin was so eager to get rid of Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko that it would do nothing that could help him in the presidential elections.  It remains to be seen whether there will be progress once his successor takes office.  There are presently well over 100 Ukrainian hostages and POWs, some of whom have been in captivity for four years or more.

In awarding Yarovoi in his enforced absence at a ceremony on 28 April, an HRI spokesperson also stated that the award recognized Yarovoi’s “commitment, determination and resilience” and said that HRI wished also to “express our outrage at the Russian punitive law that criminalizes medicines deemed to be essential by the World Health Organization”.

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