On Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine
LAW OF UKRAINE On Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
paying tribute to the memory of millions of fellow country people who were victims of Holodomor 1932-1933 and its consequences;
honouring all citizens who lived through that terrible tragedy in the history of the Ukrainian people;
recognizing its moral duty to past and future generations of Ukrainians and acknowledging the need to restore historical justice and to affirm in society lack of tolerance for any forms of violence;
noting that the tragedy of Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine was officially denied by the authorities of the USSR over many decades;
condemning the criminal acts of the totalitarian regime of the USSR aimed at organizing Holodomor which resulted in the extermination of millions of people, the destruction of the social foundations of the Ukrainian people, its century-long traditions, spiritual culture and ethnic identity;
sympathising with other peoples of the former USSR who also had victims as a result of Holodomor;
greatly appreciating the solidarity and support of the international community in condemning Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine, reflected in the acts of parliament of Australia, Argentina, Canada, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, the United States of America; as well as in the official Joint Declaration of the 58th Session of the UN General Assembly to mark the 70th Anniversary of the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine (Holodomor) signed by the delegations of Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Egypt, Georgia, Guatemala, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Nauru, Pakistan, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and the United States of America states, as well as the 25 member states of the European Union;
following from the Recommendations of the parliamentary hearings on honouring the memory of the victims of Holodomor 1932-1933, passed by Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine from 6 March 2003 № 607-IV, and the Appeal to the Ukrainian People by the participants in a special session of the Verkhovna Rada on 14 May 2003 on honouring the memory of the victims of Holodomor 1932-1933, passed by Resolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine from 15 May 2003 № 789-IV, in which Holodomor was recognized as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people, as the result of the deliberate actions of the totalitarian repressive Stalinist regime, aimed at the mass extermination of a part of the Ukrainian and other peoples of the former USSR;
recognizing Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine in accordance with the UN Convention from 9 December 1948 on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide as a deliberate act of mass destruction of people;
shall adopt this Law.
Article 1. Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine was genocide of the Ukrainian people.
Article 2. Public denial of Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine is an affront to the memory of the millions of victims of Holodomor, denigration of the dignity of the Ukrainian people and is unlawful.
Article 3. State authorities and bodies of local self-government shall in accordance with their powers be obliged to:
- take part in formulating and implementing state policy on restoring and preserving the national memory of the Ukrainian people;
- promote consolidation and development of the Ukrainian nation, its historical awareness and culture, the dissemination of information about Holodomor 1932-1833 among Ukrainian citizens and in the world community, ensure the study of the tragedy of Holodomor in Ukrainian educational institutions;
- take measures to perpetuate the memory of those who died or suffered as a result of Holodomor 1932-1833, including by erecting monuments and memorial plaques in populated areas to the victims of Holodomor;
- ensure according to established procedure access to archival and other materials on issues pertaining to Holodomor by scientific and civic institutions and organizations, scholars and individuals studying Holodomor 1932-1833 in Ukraine and its consequences,.
Article 4. The state shall ensure conditions for carrying out research and undertaking measures to perpetuate the memory of the victims of Holodomor 1932-1833 in Ukraine on the basis of the relevant overall state program, funding for which will be allowed for on an annual basis by the State Budget of Ukraine.
Article 5. Final Provisions
1. This Law shall enter into force on the day of its publication
2. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is to:
1) define the status and functions of the Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance and ensure its upkeep from State Budget funding as a specially authorized central executive body for restoring and preserving the national memory of the Ukrainian people;
2) within three months from the date of this Laws entry into force:
submit for the consideration of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine proposals for bringing legislative acts of Ukraine into compliance with this Law;
bring their normative legal acts into compliance with this Law;
ensure the review and cancellation by state executive bodies of normative legal acts which do not comply with this Law.
3) resolve according to established procedure and with the participation of the Kyiv City State Administration issues around establishing in Kyiv in time for the 75th anniversary of Holodomor 1932-1933 a Memorial to the Victims of Holodomor* in Ukraine.
* The original has Holodomor in the plural, since there were in fact three “holodomors” or famines in Ukraine, all to some extent manmade and devastating in their effect. Since the word Holodomor is finally becoming recognized in the world, it seems wiser to use Holodomor for the Famine of 1932-1933. [translators note]