war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

Meet Putin’s Hostages

Brian Whitmore
Three hostages: Estonian police officer Eston Kohver, Ukrainian filmmaker Oleh Sentsov, and Ukrainian military pilot Nadia Savchenko. Three people illegally abducted from their homelands and unjustly incarcerated by a rogue foreign power -- their lives uprooted and disrupted, their futures in doubt.

Three hostages: Estonian police officer Eston Kohver, Ukrainian filmmaker Oleh Sentsov, and Ukrainian military pilot Nadia Savchenko

One is a police officer; one is a filmmaker; and one is a pilot.

Three people illegally abducted from their homelands and unjustly incarcerated by a rogue foreign power -- their lives uprooted and disrupted, their futures in doubt.

Meet Vladimir Putin’s hostages, two men and a woman who have become victims of the Kremlin leader’s jihad against international rules, norms, and law. 

Putin has done many shocking and disturbing things in the past couple of years. 

He’s the first leader to forcibly annex another country’s territory in Europe since Adolf Hitler. He started a completely manufactured war in eastern Ukraine that has killed thousands. He’s plunged Russia into an absurd spiral of xenophobia, intolerance, and repression. He’s engaged in a dangerous game of brinksmanship with the West.

And he’s also become a kidnapper -- the functional equivalent of an international crime boss.

The Police Officer

Moscow claims Eston Kohver is an Estonian spy and that he was caught conducting espionage on Russian territory. He isn’t and he wasn’t. The only thing he is guilty of is doing his job well and being a convenient target.

Kohver is an officer of Estonia’s Internal Security Service, or KaPo, that country’s equivalent of the FBI.

At the time he was abducted, he was investigating a smuggling ring run by Russian organized crime groups in Estonia. On the morning of September 5, 2014, Kohver was on his way to meet a confidential informant in a secluded forest near the Estonian village of Miikse, just a few kilometers from the border with Russia. 

It was a ruse. It was nothing but a set-up. On his way to the meeting, Kohver was ambushed with stun grenades, abducted at gunpoint, and taken into Russia.

Estonian and Russian border guards inspected the area where Kohver disappeared on the day of the incident. A bilingual joint protocol clearly states, based on analysis of footprints in the area, that a group of people entered Estonia from Russia and then returned there. It also noted impact craters from stun grenades.

After a widely criticized show-trial, a court in Russia’s Pskov region todaysentenced Kohver to 15 years in prison for espionage. 

The Filmmaker

Russia claims Oleh Sentsov is a terrorist. He isn’t. The only thing Sentsov is guilty of is bravery -- of being willing to openly oppose Moscow’s illegal annexation of his homeland.

Sentsov is an up-and-coming Ukrainian director best known for his acclaimed film Gaamer, which debuted at the 2012 Rotterdam Film Festival. He is also the single father of two children.

A native of Crimea, Sentsov was a strong supporter of Ukraine’s pro-Western Euromaidan uprising. He was also a fierce opponent of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, and helped deliver food supplies to Ukrainian servicemen trapped on their bases on the peninsula. 

Sentsov was seized off the street by Russian security agents in Simferopol on May 11, 2014, shortly after he had attended a demonstration against the annexation. 

He surfaced in custody in Moscow days later and was charged with setting fires in the offices of the United Russia party and the Russian Community of Crimea. He was also charged with plotting to blow up Simferopol’s Lenin monument and its eternal flame. 

Prosecutors have shown scant evidence to support the charges against Sentsov and a key witness -- Hennady Afanasyev -- retracted his testimony incriminating the director in open court, claiming it was given under duress.

Sentsov’s show-trial in the southern Russian city of Rostov-On-Don wrapped up today with prosecutors calling for a 23-year sentence.

"I am not going to ask for anything from you, " Sentsov said in a defiant closing statement. "Everyone understands that a court of occupiers by definition cannot be just. Don’t take it personally, your honor."

The Pilot

Of Putin’s three international hostages, Nadia Savchenko is the most famous.

Moscow says Savchenko is a murderer. She isn’t. The only thing she is guilty of is risking her life for her country’s independence.

Ukraine’s first female military pilot, Savchenko was a volunteer fighting Moscow-backed separatists in Donbas. She was on a mission to rescue Ukrainian soldiers when she was captured by separatists near the village of Metalist in Luhansk Oblast sometime in mid-June 2014.

On June 19, separatists posted a video of her being interrogated while handcuffed to a metal pipe. 

She surfaced in custody weeks later in Russia and was charged with being complicit in the deaths of two Russian journalists, who were killed in a mortar attack, and then illegally crossing the border into Russia. 

Savchenko’s lawyers say her mobile phone records and video evidence prove that she was already in captivity when the journalists were killed. She faces 25 years in prison if convicted.

Fair Game

Other than being victims of Putin’s kidnapping spree, Kohver, Sentsov, and Savchenko have something else in common. 

They were all born in the Soviet Union and they all became loyal, successful, and productive citizens of their newly independent countries.

And for Putin, who considers the break-up of the U.S.S.R. to be a tragedy, this is enough of a crime to make them fair game.

But for the rest of us, they must be considered hostages who were illegally abducted by an increasingly dangerous rogue state.

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