war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

Grave Concern for Crimean Tatar Political Prisoner Ruslan Zeytullaev on Indefinite Hunger Strike

Halya Coynash
Ruslan Zeytullaev is continuing the hunger strike he declared on July 27, the day that Russia’s Supreme Court increased his manifestly unjust sentence to 15 years. Zeytullaev’s moving words to the court made it clear that his action was not only in protest at the sentence, but in defence of his people, facing persecution

Ruslan Zeytullaev is continuing the hunger strike he declared on July 27, the day that Russia’s Supreme Court increased his manifestly unjust sentence to 15 years.  Zeytullaev’s moving words to the court made it clear that his action was not only in protest at the sentence, but in defence of his people, facing persecution under Russian occupation.  

The 31-year-old has already lost a lot of weight, and after two and a half years held in appalling conditions, there are real grounds for concern about his state of health. The problem with such indefinite hunger strikes is that Russia is as unmoved by the risk to life as it is oblivious to its violation of fundamental human rights in the persecution of Zeytullaev and other Ukrainian Muslims.

This is demonstrated by the prosecution of Zeytullaev and three other Crimean Tatars, and most glaringly by the fact that two court rulings were challenged until a third finally came up with a sentence against Zeytullaev close to that originally demanded by the FSB.   

Zeytullaev, the father of three small daughters, worked in construction and was also active in his local community in Orlyne, on the outskirts of Sevastopol.  


He was arrested, together with Rustem Vaitov and Nuri (Yuri) Primov on January 23, with Ferat Saifullaev taken prisoner in April that year.  All were held in custody far from their families, and there were gross irregularities even during the detention hearings.  The four men were prevented from being represented, as they wished, by lawyer Emil Kurbedinov, who was allowed only to defend Zeytullaev.  There were overt attempts to intimidate people coming to the detention hearings to show solidarity, with a police officer even wandering around videoing those present.

It should be mentioned that, having failed in this way, to intimidate families, friends and others coming to show solidarity, the Russian occupation regime has made even detention hearings closed.

The charges

Vaitov, Primov and Saifullaev were all charged with ‘taking part in a terrorist organization’ under Article 205.5 § 2 of Russia’s criminal code, while Zeytullaev was accused of ‘organizing’ it (Article 205.5 § 1). 

The charges pertained solely to alleged but unproven involvement in Hizb ut-Tahrir.

Fundamentally unlawful

Russia is in grave breach of international law by conducting any trials under Russian law on occupied territory. 

Hizb ut-Tahrir is a peaceful pan-Islamist organization which is legal in Ukraine (and other countries) and is not known to have committed an act of terrorism or violence anywhere in the world.  Russia’s decision in 2003 to declare it ‘terrorist’ was unexplained and taken in secret to avoid it being challenged. 

Russia now regularly sentences men to huge sentences merely on charges of being members.  All those convicted on such charges are recognized by the authoritative Memorial Human Rights Centre as political prisoners.

With Russia’s prosecution of the ‘Sevastopol Four’ – Zeytullaev; Saifullaev; Vaitov and Primov by definition lawless, Memorial HRC declared them political prisoners well before the first ‘trial’. 

The trial

The charges were so obviously flawed and based only on a ‘kitchen chat’ (details here), that even Russian judges showed a modicum of independence.  Although the judges of the Rostov Military Court lacked the courage to acquit the men, they sentenced Saifullaev. Vaitov and Primov to the minimum 5 years possible under the article of the criminal code, and reclassified the charge against Zeytullaev to ‘involvement’, sentencing him to ‘only’ seven years.

This, however, did not suit the FSB which has a standard format for its multiple ‘Hizb ut-Tahrir cases’.  One person is always designated the ‘organizer’.  Kurbedinov, warned shortly after the sentence was challenged as too ‘light’ that the FSB would not tolerate deviation from their storyline.  Too many questions were raised about their ‘case’.  If there was no leader on this occasion, what would they do about the other three men facing even longer sentences as the supposed organizers of other Hizb ut-Tahrir groups? 

The conviction of Zeytullaev was overturned, and the case sent back for a ‘retrial’.  This was identical to the first, with all the flaws and lack of evidence, but the second court proved more compliant, though still sentenced Zeytullaev to 12 years, not the original 7 and not the 17 demanded by the prosecution.  The prosecutor  challenged that ruling as well and on July 27,  Russia’s Supreme Court added three years to the sentence.   

Zeytullaev’s case will now, like the other men’s, be the subject of applications to the European Court of Human Rights.  

Please help share information about this case and similar prosecutions (and even longer sentences) faced by 15 other Crimean Muslims.  Russia is using ‘terrorism’ charges as a weapon against those who hold different views or beliefs. 

As Ruslan Zeytullaev said on July 27:

“I am being tried for terrorism in a case where this is not one word about explosives, terrorists acts, where there were only conversations. The prosecution doesn’t care that this is absurd.  The main thing is to read out a text prepared in advance. Since we have spoken so much about terrorism, I would like to say loudly: “No terrorism!”. 

Stop this lawlessness.  We are Muslims, yes, Crimean Tatars, yes, but not terrorists.  Your actions are aimed at crushing different points of view. Well say it honestly, don’t pretend”.


It is vital that he knows – and Moscow is reminded – that he is not forgotten.  Letters or postcards need to be in Russian, and should not contain any discussion of the cases or politics generally.  If it is a problem to write in Russian, just copy-pasting the following will be fine, maybe with a picture or photograph.  Addresses for Ferat SaifullaevRustem Vaitov and Nuri (Yuri) Primov and brief information about the case can be found by pressing the hyperlinks. 

Possible letter

Добрый день,

Желаю Вам здоровья, мужества и терпения, надеюсь на скорое освобождение.

Мы о Вас помним.

[Hello, I wish you good health, courage and patience and hope that you will soon be released. You are not forgotten.

Address (Ruslan’s name is at the end, with his year of birth, which is required).

344010, Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, 219 СИЗО-1.

Зейтуллаеву, Руслану Борисовичу, 1985 г.р.


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