war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

Crimean Tatars boycott illegal Russian elections despite likely persecution in retaliation

Halya Coynash

Vladimir Putin’s fourth presidential ‘election’ was moved back a week in order to coincide with the fourth anniversary of Russia’s annexation of Crimea, and the turnout on the occupied peninsula was clearly seen as significant.  Photographs from Crimean polling stations on 18 March do not tally with official reports, and certainly the vast majority of Crimean Tatars seem to have boycotted the event. This is despite four years bitter experience of the repressive measures they are likely to face for their courageous resistance.

Repression against the Mejlis [representative assembly] of the Crimean Tatar People began soon after the Mejlis called on all Crimeans to boycott Russia’s pseudo referendum on 16 March 2014, with two of its leaders - Mustafa Dzhemilev and the current Head Refat Chubarov – banned from their homeland.  A further wave of repression came swiftly after the Mejlis also called for a boycott of Russian-controlled elections in September 2014.  Mejlis Deputy Head Akhtem Chiygoz was imprisoned for almost three years and the Mejlis itself banned.   The Mejlis issued a statement on 12 March, stressing that any Russian elections are illegal on occupied territory, and that taking part in them is in violation of Ukrainian legislation.

Russia is continuing to ignore the order from the UN International Court of Justice to withdraw this ban on the self-governing body of the main indigenous people of Crimea, and all members of the Mejlis still in Crimea face the threat of persecution. 

This did not stop Nariman Dzhelyal, who was appointed First Deputy Head back in 2015, after Chiygoz’ arrest, from issuing a moving video address to his compatriots.  In it he stressed that the right to take part – or not – in elections is a fundamental human right, and that each person must make his or her own choice.

“I ask you only to understand the situation. If you are convinced that everything that is happening in Crimea generally, and with the Crimean Tatar people in particular, is right and just, if you are convinced that the repression, the dozens of searches and arrests; the trial travesties and the torture; the rights restrictions and the abductions are warranted, lawful and just; if you are convinced that it is normal to live without freedom and to give in to lies, then you can confidently go to the polling stations. 

Nor is it important what you do at the polling station.  Whether you tick a box or, as some are planning, you spoil the ballot paper, by coming to the polling station, you will already support the killers of Reshat Ametov; the abductors of Ervin Ibragimov; those who carry out the multiple cases of persecution and of torture.  You will give them the licence to continue their dirty and illegal work.  You will hand them your Crimea, free and prosperous Crimea which now neither you, nor your children and children will see.  Because they will be trained to live without freedom from childhood.

Most of you know what to do but you are frightened.  Admit to your fears and then you will be able to overcome them.  Do not give way to blackmail and do not let yourselves be deceived.  Make your choice freedom.  I have already made mine”.

Nariman Dzhelyal is by no means the only Crimean to have publicly spoken out, in the full knowledge that the FSB follow every word they speak or write on social media. 

After the event had ended on 18 March, Dzhelyal wrote that he was “totally uninterested in the turnout and how and who will be punished for it.  It is important that among my compatriots, there were enough of those who found the strength to resist the threats and pressure”.

He goes on, however, to speak of the likely backlash. 

“Get ready to uphold your right still further because there will be those who try to take revenge for our will.  And they are relying on us “not wanting trouble” and being silent. Make audio or video recordings of all threats and write complaints to the prosecutor’s office and Central Election Commission.”

It is likely that the occupation regime will avoid direct consequences as these can only help highlight the evident rigging of the official turnout results.  There are plenty of other forms of repression, as the last four years have, all too often, shown. 

Among the Crimean Tatars arrested during the last six months have been a number of men active in the Crimea Solidarity movement or people who have addressed international bodies telling them about repression in Crimea.  From the outset, the Russian occupation regime targeted those who remained loyal to Ukraine and all who hold ‘dissident’ views or beliefs. 

There are too many victims to recall them all here, but please remember the Kremlin’s Crimean political prisoners.  The links below normally have addresses to write to the men, and in all cases it is very important that information about them is passed to politicians and the media in your country.

Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov; civic activist Oleksandr Kolchenko and Oleksiy Chyrniy

Mykola Shyptur  – the first and most forgotten political prisoner held in Crimea

Ali Asanov, Mustafa Degermendzhy – now held under house arrest after around two years in detention, probably for refusing to give false testimony against Akhtem Chiygoz

Volodymyr Balukh

Jailed for three and a half years (reduced on 16 March by only two months) on grossly falsified charges, essentially for the Ukrainian flag he refused to remove from his home.

25 men, most Crimean Tatar, are facing huge sentences for unproven ‘involvement’ in Hizb ut-Tahrir, a peaceful pan-Islamist organization which is legal in Ukraine.  A number of them are human rights or civic activists, including from the initiative Crimea Solidarity.

‘Convicted’              Ruslan Zeytullaev ;  Ferat Saifullaev ; Rustem Vaitov ; Nuri Primov

Feb 11, 2016           Emir-Usein Kuku (a human rights activist); Muslim Aliev; Envir Bekirov and Vadim Siruk

April 18, 2016          Arsen Dzhepparov and Refat Alimov   

May 12, 2016          Enver Mamutov, Rustem Abiltarov, Remzi Memetov and Zevri Abseitov

Oct 12, 2016           Teymur Abdullaev; Uzeir Abdullaev; Emil Dzhemadenov; Aider Saledinov   Rustem Ismailov

Oct 11, 2017           Suleyman (Marlen) Asanov; Ernest Ametov;  Memet Belyalov; Timur Ibragimov; Seiran Saliev and Server Zekeryaev 

‘Tablighi Jamaat’

New religious persecution on charges of involvement in Tablighi Jamaat   Talyat Abdurakhmanov; Renat Suleymanov; Arsen Kubedinov;  Seiran Mustafaev 

’Saboteur’ charges

August 2016            First ‘Crimean saboteur plot’ 

Yevhen PanovVolodymyr PrysichRedvan Suleymanov and Andriy Zakhtei)  

November 2016       Second ‘Crimean saboteur plot’

Dmytro ShtyblikovOleksiy BessarabovVolodymyr DudkaOleksiy StohniyHlib Shabliy 

Leonid Parkhomenko, a long-retired Black Sea Fleet captain, arrested on Nov 24, 2016.  

August 2017            New ‘Crimean saboteur’ charges  Hennady Lymeshko 

February 2018         Kostyantin Davydenko arrested on ‘spying’ charges

Revenge for Euromaidan  Oleksandr Kostenko,  Andriy Kolomiyets

23 November 2017   The arrest was attempted of 83-year-old veteran of the Crimean Tatar national movement Vedzhie Kashka.  Instead the FSB caused her death

Four men were arrested and remanded in custody on insultingly implausible charges which seem aimed at trying to discredit the Crimean Tatar Mejlis: Bekir Degermendzhy; Kazim Ametov; Asan Chapukh and Ruslan Trubach


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