war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

Similar articles

Russia hides imprisoned Ukrainian human rights activist on hunger strikeJailed Crimean Tatar Human Rights Activist on Hunger Strike in Russian World Cup cityJailed Crimean Tatar human rights activist says that FSB prove that Russia has changed little since Stalin eraFSB’s ‘secret witness’ exposed during trial of 6 Crimean political prisonersRussia condemned for launching ‘machine of wholesale persecution’ in occupied CrimeaProfoundly cynical trial begins of Crimean Tatar human rights activist and five other Crimean MuslimsRussian FSB “make their careers” by jailing Crimean Muslims on fake ’terrorism’ & ’extremism’ chargesNew weapon of religious persecution and arrests in Russian-occupied CrimeaCrimean Tatar Political Prisoner Moved to Notorious Prison in RussiaYouTube collaborates with Russia to censor video about imprisoned Crimean Tatar human rights activist KukuCrimean Tatar political prisoner to pay with his life for refusing to collaborate with Russia’s FSB?Effective torture of Crimean Tatar & other Ukrainian political prisoners in Russian detentionChilling silence after 22-year-old Crimean Tatar abducted by Russian FSB and vanishesRussian justice: murderers pardoned for killing Ukrainians, Crimean Tatas sentenced to 17 years for defending political prisoners Court in Russia reduces charge against Crimean Tatar political prisoner but retains appalling sentence Fake ‘secret witness’ exposed in Russia’s politically timed persecution of Crimean Solidarity journalist and other Crimean TatarsOccupied Donbas residents ask Russia why it 'liberated' them from food and water Russia upholds death sentences against two Crimean Tatar political prisoners after killing one of them Russia begins trial of Crimean Tatars arrested after humiliating attack by Ukraine 15 years in Russian captivity for helping Crimean Solidarity human rights movement

Ominous new twist in Russia’s conveyor belt trial of six Ukrainian political prisoners

Halya Coynash

A Russian court hearing the ‘trial’ of six recognized Ukrainian political prisoners has returned the case to the prosecutor, demanding that the charges against one of the men, Enver Bekirov, be made more severe.  Judges, who are supposed to impartially  determine whether a person is guilty or innocent, have instead acted for the prosecution in the latest of multiple gross violations of the men’s rights. 

The Northern Caucuses District Military Court in Rostov, which first gained notoriety for its politically motivated sentences of Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov and civic activist Oleksandr Kolchenko was due to begin hearing the defence’s submissions on August 21.  Instead it dropped a bombshell, announcing that it was proposing that the prosecutor change the changes against Bekirov from ‘involvement’ in an organization that Russia has declared terrorist, under Article 205.5 § 2 of Russia’s criminal code to ‘organizing a terrorist organization’ (Article 205.5 § 1), with this possibly carrying a life sentence. 

The court explained this as being because of one of the illicit recordings used as supposed evidence in this case,  It considered that from the recording made in the school where Bekirov worked as a guard, Bekirov could be said to have organized meetings and given the other defendants instructions.

Such a school meeting was deemed enough by presiding judge Nikolai Yurevich Vasilchuk, presumably with the backing of judges Valery Sergeevich Opanasenko and Stanislav Vladimirovich Zhidkov for a change in charges resulting in a sentence of 20 years or life. 

The judges in such political cases do not make independent decisions, raising the question of why it was they who were assigned the prosecutor’s role here, while the latter, at least for the record, opposed the move. 

The defence also strongly objected and plans to appeal.  Alexei Ladin, lawyer representing human rights activist Emir-Usein Kuku, called the court’s action “legal nonsense:  the judge, examining a criminal prosecution, came to the conclusion that one of the defendants is guilty of a more serious charge which is, on principle, inadmissible. The agreed position of the defence is that the court has taken on the functions of the state prosecutor and, through its decision, is effectively forcing the prosecutor to change the charge to one more serious”.

The so-called ‘terrorist organization’ in question is the peaceful pan-Islamist Hizb ut-Tahrir, which is legal in Ukraine and which is not known to have committed any act of terrorism or violence anywhere in the world.  Russia’s Supreme Court declared it terrorist in 2003, without providing any sensible reason and keeping the judgement secret until it was too late for Hizb ut-Tahrir or human rights organizations to challenge it. 

The lack of any justification for terrorism charges is one of the reasons why the authoritative Memorial Human Rights Centre considers all Muslims convicted under Article 205.5 merely because of alleged involvement in Hizb ut-Tahrir to be political prisoners.  It has also repeatedly condemned the methods used to essentially fabricate ‘evidence’ of involvement in Hizb ut-Tahrir, especially through the use of secret witnesses and dubious ‘expert assessments’.  Hizb ut-Tahrir ‘trials’ have become, in Memorial’s words, “a machine of wholesale persecution”, by which the FSB can flaunt good statistics for ‘uncovering and prosecuting terrorists’, guaranteeing them bonuses, or even promotion, while requiring very little effort.

Memorial has condemned all of the above in the first two cases brought to trial of Crimean Muslims arrested on Hizb ut-Tahrir charges.  If in Russia, Memorial usually awaits the end of the trial before declaring the persecuted men political prisoners, it saw no need to wait with regard to Crimeans imprisoned.  Crimea is territory which Russia is occupying illegally and in accordance with international law, it has no right to change Ukrainian criminal legislation and replace it with its own.  Memorial notes that Hizb ut-Tahrir is absolutely legal in Ukraine.

If the first four Crimean Tatars from Sevastopol: Ruslan Zeytullaev; Nuri Primov; Ferat Saifullaev and Rustem Vaitov were ‘only’ charged under Article 205.5 and convicted, Russia’s FSB has added more weapons to its arsenal against 27 other Ukrainian Muslims imprisoned on Hizb ut-Tahrir charges.  The first group to be put on trial since then of six men from the Yalta region: Muslim Aliev; Refat Alimov; Enver Bekirov; Arsen Dzhepparov; Emir-Usein Kuku and Vadim Siruk – have also been charged under Article 278, with ‘preparing for violent seizure of power by an organized group according to a prior conspiracy’.  No weapons or other means for ‘violent seizure of power’ were found during searches of the men’s homes back in February and April 2016.  With respect to this extra charge of planning a violent seizure of power, it is worth noting that most of the 21 Russian Muslims, recently sentenced to an incredible 343 years’ imprisonment, had that charge added only after a year’s detention.  The Memorial Human Rights Centre is convinced that the only motive for the new indictment was to ensure their ongoing detention, since Article 205.5 § 2 only allows for a one-year term of detention.  The charges in that case and against the Crimean Muslims appear to be based solely on the fact that Hizb ut-Tahrir has as its ultimate aim the establishment of a world Khalifate, though only through teaching and personal conviction, not violence.

One of the points of these FSB conveyor belt prosecutions is that they all follow the same pattern, with one ‘organizer’ and several people who face the less serious charge of ‘involvement’. Up till now, it was Muslim Aliev, who has been designated the role of ‘organizer’, under Article 205.5 § 1, with the others all charged with ‘involvement’. 

It is a personal disaster for 55-year-old Bekirov, his wife Natalya, three daughters and grandson if the court succeeds in getting the charges made more serious.  It is also a highly worrying development for this trial and those still to come that a presiding judge should be so overtly taking on the role of prosecutor.

Vasilchuk’s move is particularly disturbing since it comes after the prosecution ended its presentation of extremely flawed and inconclusive ‘evidence’.  Aside from anonymous and questionable ‘secret witnesses’, who are believed to be FSB agents, or people forced to ‘cooperate’, there are also recordings made secretly, often of ‘discussions over tea in the kitchen’.  The defence have complained that these tapes are of extremely bad quality, and also show signs of having been edited. This poor quality is then used by the FSB ‘linguistic experts’ to enable them to hear what they want to hear.  For example, the word mamas, meaning prayer, is misinterpreted as being Hamas.

Russia’s use of Hizb ut-Tahrir charges for a conveyor belt of repression has received much too little attention from international human rights organizations and religious freedom monitors. Most bafflingly, this remained the case even after Russia unleashed the same repression in occupied Crimea, with the arrests, imprisonment and trial of four Sevastopol Crimean Tatars. It only really changed after the arrest of Kuku.  He had faced persecution, and even an attempted abduction, from soon after Russia’s invasion, and the Hizb ut-Tahrir charges seemed very obviously linked with his human rights work and refusal to be silent about FSB violations.  In fact, of the Yalta six, at least three men (Kuku, Aliev and Dzhepparov) were probably targeted because of their civic position or because (in Dzhepparov’s case) he refused to become an informer for the FSB.

This use of charges which carry sentences up to life imprisonment against people reporting on rights violations has escalated with at least five men arrested in the last year being members of Crimean Solidarity, a civic initiative to help political prisoners and their families.

Please write to Muslim Aliev; Refat Alimov; Enver Bekirov; Arsen Dzhepparov; Emir-Usein Kuku and Vadim Siruk

The letters tell them they are not forgotten, and show Moscow that the ‘trial’ now underway is being followed. 

Letters need to be in Russian, and on ‘safe’ subjects.  If that is a problem, use the crib letter below (copying it by hand, typed letters will also not pass the censor), perhaps adding a picture or photo. 

Example letter


Желаю Вам здоровья, мужества и терпения, надеюсь на скорое освобождение. Простите, что мало пишу – мне трудно писать по-русски, но мы все о Вас помним.

[Hi.  I wish you good health, courage and patience and hope that you will soon be released.  I’m sorry that this letter is short – it’s hard for me to write in Russian., but you are not forgotten. ] 


The men have been split up, with Aliev and Kuku in SIZO-4, the other men in SIZO-1 (the differences are small, so please copy carefully).  The address each time, should have the man’s full name, and year of birth.


344082 Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, Большая Садовая ул., 31

Алиеву, Муслиму Нуриевичу, 1971 г.р. 

[In English:  344082 Russia, Rostov on the Don, 31 Bolshaya Sadovaya St., SIZO-4

Aliev, Muslim Nurievich, b. 1971 ]


344010, Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, 219 СИЗО-1.

Алимову, Рефату Маметовичу, 1991 г.р.       

[In English:  344010 Russian Federation, Rostov on the Don, 219 Maxim Gorky St, SIZO-1

Alimov, Refat Mametovich, b. 1991 ]

Enver Bekirov

344010, Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, 219 СИЗО-1.

Бекирову, Энверу Небиевичу, 1963 г.р

[In English:  344010 Russian Federation, Rostov on the Don, 219 Maxim Gorky St, SIZO-1

Bekirov, Enver Nebiyevich, b. 1963 ]

Arsen Dzhepparov

344010, Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, 219 СИЗО-1.

Джеппарову, Арсену Бармамбетовичу, 1991 г.р.

[In English:  344010 Russian Federation, Rostov on the Don, 219 Maxim Gorky St, SIZO-1

Dzhepparov, Arsen Barmambetovich, b. 1991 ]

Emir-Usein Kuku

344082 Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, Большая Садовая ул., 31

Куку, Эмиру-Усеину Кемаловичу, 1976 г.р.   

[In English:  344082 Russia, Rostov on the Don, 31 Bolshaya Sadovaya St., SIZO-4

Kuku, Emir-Usein Kemalovich, b. 1976 ]

Vadim Siruk

344010, Россия, Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Максима Горького, 219 СИЗО-1.

Сируку, Вадиму Андреевичу, 1989 г.р.

[In English:  344010 Russian Federation, Rostov on the Don, 219 Maxim Gorky St, SIZO-1

Siruk, Vadim Andreevich, b. 1989 ]




 Share this