war crimes in Ukraine

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SBU demands that asylum seeker retracts testimony to ECHR about torture in secret SBU prisons

Vasyl Melnychuk, lawyer
An asylum-seeker from Tajikistan is believed to have been detained by Ukraine’s SBU just days after the European Court of Human Rights sent a letter asking for information about the man’s case, which informs his account of torture at the hands of the SBU

On Monday, 14 September, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) asked Ukraine’s Government to provide updated information in the case of an asylum-seeker from Tajikistan, A.A. vs. Ukraine No. 79750/16.  

On 18 September, in response to the ECHR letter, the asylum-seeker was detained in Kyiv and taken to an investigative cases judge where prosecutor Pavlo Rak, for reasons unknown, demanded for a second time that the asylum-seeker be placed under arrest pending a decision on extradition. After his detention, the applicant (i.e. asylum-seeker A.A.) was handed over to the Security Service or SBU, where, probably under threat of new torture, it was demanded that he retract the testimony he gave to the ECHR about being tortured in a secret prison by the Kharkiv SBU.

His lawyer does not know where the asylum-seeker is at present and has not been provided with a copy of the application for his detention, or informed about when the court hearing is to take place.

The SBU (or should we already say KGB?) is terrorizing an asylum-seeker, flouting even the European Convention which strictly prohibits interference in the case of an ECHR application. This is not an isolated incident  and confirms the methods of work of the SBU which has been described in detail in journalist investigations, such as Hromadske TV’s SBU Secret Remand Prison and Amnesty International / Human Rights Watch’s report “‘You Don’t Exist.’ Arbitrary Detentions, Enforced Disappearances, and Torture in Eastern Ukraine”, as well as in a KHPG study The security in Ukraine of victims of persecution by authoritarian regimes of post-Soviet countries.

In view of the total brazenness and impunity of SBU officers, we are publishing the testimony of the asylum-seeker (and ECHR applicant) about his torture by the SBU in 2016.

On 14.07.2016, in the apartment where the applicant was living, he and four other foreign nationals were detained by enforcement officers who did not identify themselves. The officers removed all the people’s passports; money and mobile phones, began checking them and carrying out a search of the apartment. The removed items were not returned. At first there were 3-4 officers, but then several other people arrived.  The applicant cannot say exactly how many officers there were.

The applicant and the other foreign nationals were taken from the apartment to some kind of administrative building which they entered by going through an arch, and then through a security checkpoint with brown metal gates which close automatically.

The applicant was taken to the building and placed in a cell on the second floor  which had grating on the window, metal doors with a window part which was closed.  He was held there until 22.07.2016.

On 14.06.2016 and 16.07.2016, in a law enforcement officers’ office (on the fifth floor), officers used force against the applicant to extract his confession to being involved in the so-called Islamic State and to say where one of the detained foreign nationals had fled. After that the applicant was photographed (possibly videoed) against the background of an ISIS flag and threatened that the photo would be sent to Tajikistan with this meaning that his family would have problems.

The applicant thinks that these were SBU officers since he recognized the cells where he was held and the video which showed the department of the Kharkiv oblast SBU (( , , ) [...].

On 21.07.2016, the applicant and other foreign nationals were taken from the cells, placed in a vehicle for carrying convicted prisoners, taken to the court where, in front of the court,  the handcuffs were taken off the applicant and he was led into the courtroom.   The applicant has recognized the car model and described the car from inside […].

We would note that in 2019, X, a citizen of Tajikistan, who was seeking asylum in Ukraine, was secretly abducted in Kyiv by people he says were SBU officers, taken to the airport, where his hands and feet were chained, and he was placed on a plane that took him from Ukraine.  That is, he was effectively handed over to the Tajikistan authorities.  In response to a question from ECHR, the Ukrainian Government asserted that Mr X. had received a passport and had voluntarily left for Tajikistan. . Perhaps it would be possible to believe this version if Mr X. had not recently been sentenced in Tajikistan to 23 (!) years’ imprisonment.

We demand immediate reaction from the Head of the SBU, the Office of the Prosecutor General, the Government’s Representative in European Court of Human Rights cases; the State Bureau of Investigations; the Human Rights Ombudsperson in order to stop such lawless behaviour from SBU employees.

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