war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

Mothers of three Crimean Tatar political prisoners fined for protesting that their sons are innocent

Halya Coynash
A ‘court’ in Russian-occupied Crimea has imposed large fines on three mothers who separately stood in silent vigil, with placards in defence of their sons, all of whom are recognized political prisoners

From left Zurye Emiruseinova, Zelikha Abkhairova and Emine Abdulganieva with placards affirming that their sons - Rustem Emiruseinov, Arsen Abkhairov and Eskender Abdulganiev are not so-called terrorists

The Russian-controlled Krasnogvardeisk District Court in occupied Crimea has imposed large fines on three mothers who separately stood in silent vigil, with placards in defence of their sons, all of whom are recognized political prisoners.  Even Russia’s repressive laws against peaceful assembly allow single-person pickets, so the police claimed that the three women, standing alone in different parts of Krasnogvardeisk, had somehow taken part in a “mass unauthorized public event”.  Their ‘justification’ for this was that the pickets had been devoted to one subject.  This evident nonsense was accepted by the ‘court’, which also ignored numerous other glaring irregularities in the protocols against the women.  According to the lawyers representing the three women, the ‘judge’ – Dzhangar Sangadzhi-Goryaev – came with the ‘rulings’ already printed out.  These were three copy-pasted texts, with the differences only in the names of the women and in the amount of the fines.

The three mothers: Emine Abdulganieva  Zelikha Abkhairova and Zurye Emiruseinova had all tried to hold single-person pickets, in different parts of the Krasnogvardeisk district on 31 October 2020, on the eve of the sentencing of their sons.  Each held a placard with the words “My son is not a terrorist”, with each accompanied by a photo of the woman’s son. 

Zurye Emiruseinova is elderly and in poor health, and ended up taken to hospital after Russian-controlled police harassed her and even tried to detain her.  She had positioned herself at the side of a main road, with her daughter-in-law standing at a distance and streaming the picket onto Facebook.  The elderly lady had only been standing there for around three minutes, when the officers appeared demanding to see her documents; shouting and demanding that she come with them to the police station.  They claimed that she had been holding a ‘rally’, although it was clear that she was standing alone and ignored Aliye Emiruseinova’s repeated requests that they lower their voices, as her mother-in-law suffered from hypertensive heart disease and was already in a state of stress because of the sentences due. In the end, an ambulance was needed to take the elderly lady to hospital.  The police followed, threatening to take her to the station, and only left after the doctors said that she needed hospital care for several days.

On 21 May, Sangadzhi-Goryaev found Zurye Emiruseinova ‘guilty’ of having ‘infringed the established order for organizing or holding a meeting, rally, demonstration, procession or picket’ (Article 20.2  § 5 of Russia’s code of administrative offences’.  According to the defence, Sangadzhi-Goryaev did not make any pretence to retire to the consulting chamber, and had evidently appeared with the ruling already printed out.

The defence cited other occasions where mothers or wives of other political prisoners had come out in identical single-person pickets and where the court had not found there to have been infringements.  As Aider Suleimanov pointed out, “the fact that people have one problem does not make them participants in a mass event”.

Zurye Emiruseinova herself told the ‘court’ that “Terrorists are those who with weapons in their hands come into our homes. Our children are God-fearing Muslims. And we will continue our peaceful struggle for justice. We came out and will continue to do so until they are released. That is our right.”

The defence plans to lodge an appeal against the ‘court’s’ ruling and fine of five thousand roubles.  Suleimanov called such prosecutions pressure on the mothers of political prisoners and a signal to all who do not agree with the actions of the authorities that they too will be prosecuted.

The same ‘judge’ issued essentially identical rulings against Emine Abdulganieva and Zelikha Abkhairova, with the only difference being that both were fined 10 thousand roubles.  Although these should have been open hearings, Sangadzhi-Goryaev ordered all non-parties to leave.  He claimed that this was due to the pandemic, however the defence suggests that it was because he didn’t want witnesses to all of the irregularities.

From left: Rustem Emiruseinov, Arsen Abkhairov and Eskender Abdulganiev 

On 3 November 2020, 41-year-old Rustem Emiruseinov, a Crimean Solidarity activist who had visited political trials, taken part in flash-mobs protesting against mounting repression and in other ways helped political prisoners, was sentenced to 17 years’ imprisonment.  Arsen Abkhairov and Eskender Abdulganiev were sentenced to 13 and 12 years, respectively. 

None was accused of any recognizable crime, with the charges solely of unproven involvement in Hizb ut-Tahrir, a peaceful pan-Islamist organization which is legal in Ukraine.  The Russian Supreme Court declared it ‘terrorist’ in 2003 in a highly irregular, secretive ruling probably aimed at helping the authorities send victims of religious persecution back to Uzbekistan.  This ruling is now being used in occupied Crimea as a weapon, in particular against Crimean Tatar civic journalists and activists.

Emiruseinov was charged under Article 205.5 § 1 of Russia’s criminal code (‘organizing a Hizb ut-Tahrir group’) , with Abkhairov and Abdulganiev accused of ‘involvement’ in this non-existent ‘group’ under Article 205.5 § 2.  The Russian FSB also added the even more surreal charge (under Article 278) of ‘planning to violently seize power’. 

The men appeared in court for the verdicts in T-shirts, reading “Studying religion is not terrorism” and pointing to how in 1944 the Soviet regime falsely labelled Crimean Tatars ‘traitors’ in order to justify Stalin’s Deportation of the entire Crimean Tatar people.  Under Russian occupation, Crimean Tatars are increasingly labelled ‘terrorists’ or ‘extremists’, also without any justification.

There was no proof to back the illegal charges, with the FSB having its own ‘linguistic experts’ who will listen to any illicitly taped conversation and claim that this word, or that subject, means that a person is a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir.  In this case, the conversation was about bringing up children in a Muslim family.  Emiruseinov has a son and two daughters, Abkhairov – a 4-year-old daughter and 2-year-old son.  Abdulganiev was just 21 when arrested, and was still just dreaming of marrying and having a family of his own. 

As well as this innocuous taped conversation, the FSB also used a book planted during the armed searches carried out on 14 February 2019 with lawyers prevented from being present, as ‘evidence’, and ‘secret witnesses’ whose ‘testimony’ cannot be checked.

Despite the lack of any crime and totally flawed nature of the ‘evidence’, presiding judge Ruslan Plisko, together with Igor Kostin and Yevgeny Zviagin from the Southern District Military Court in Rostov (Russian) sentenced three innocent men to terms of imprisonment far higher than those Russian judges generally pass against people convicted, on real grounds, of violent crimes.  

The three men were declared political prisoners by the authoritative Memorial Human Rights Centre back in January 2020, and their release has been demanded in numerous international resolutions and statements from western countries.

The men are now awaiting the appeal hearing. 

Please write to Rustem; Arsen and Eskender!   The letters tell them they are not forgotten, and show Moscow that their persecution is being followed. Letters need to be in Russian, and on ‘safe’ subjects.  If that is a problem, use the sample letter below (copying it by hand), perhaps adding a picture or photo. Do add a return address so that the men can answer.

Sample letter


Желаю Вам здоровья, мужества и терпения, надеюсь на скорое освобождение. Простите, что мало пишу – мне трудно писать по-русски, но мы все о Вас помним.

[Hi.  I wish you good health, courage and patience and hope that you will soon be released.  I’m sorry that this letter is short – it’s hard for me to write in Russian., but you are not forgotten. ] 

The envelopes can be written in Russian or English as below.

Rustem Emiruseinov

Россия 346408, Ростовская область, г. Новочеркасск, ул. Украинская, № 1б СИЗО-3,

Эмирусеинову, Рустему Решатовичу, 1979 г.р.

 [In English:  Russian Federation 346408, Rostov oblast, Novocherkassk, ul. Ukrainskaya, No. 1, SIZO-3,

Emiruseinov, Rustem Reshatovich, b. 1979 ]

Eskender Abdulganiev

Россия 346408, Ростовская область, г. Новочеркасск, ул. Украинская, № 1б СИЗО-3,

Абдулганиеву, Эскендеру Иззетовичу, 1998 г.р.

 [In English:  Russian Federation 346408, Rostov oblast, Novocherkassk, ul. Ukrainskaya, No. 1, SIZO-3,

Abdulganiev, Eskender Izzetovich, b. 1997 ]

Arsen Abkhairov

Россия 346408, Ростовская область, г. Новочеркасск, ул. Украинская, № 1б СИЗО-3,

Абхаирову, Арсену Ремзиевичу, 1987 г.р.

 [In English:  Russian Federation 346408, Rostov oblast, Novocherkassk, ul. Ukrainskaya, No. 1, SIZO-3,

Abkhairov, Arsen Remzievich, b. 1987 ]



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