war crimes in Ukraine

The Tribunal for Putin (T4P) global initiative was set up in response to the all-out war launched by Russia against Ukraine in February 2022.

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Russian soldiers given long sentences in Ukraine for bombing civilian targets in Kharkiv oblast

Halya Coynash

Alexander Bobikin and Alexander Ivanov in court Photo Radio Svoboda

In the second sentence for war crimes since Russia began its total invasion of Ukraine, two young Russian contract soldiers have received 11.5 year sentences for bombing civilian areas in the Kharkiv oblast. 

Alexander Bobikin and Alexander Ivanov were found guilty of involvement in firing Grad missiles at civilian targets on 24 February, first from the Belgorod oblast in Russia, and then, a second time, from Ukrainian territory.  Bobikin was responsible for loading the Grad missile launcher, Ivanov – for directing the fire.   Both men admitted the charges, with Ivanov expressing repentance and asking that the court not impose the maximum sentence.  This plea was reiterated by their lawyer, who mentioned both that the men showed repentance and that they had been obeying orders.   The maximum in this case was 12 years, which the prosecutor had asked for, with the Kotelevsky District Court in the Poltava oblast imposing almost that sentence in both cases on 31 May.  In handing down the sentences, the court decided that the men could have refused to obey the order to open fire. Ivanov had, in fact, admitted to the court that some of their colleagues had refused.  The men had also been aware that they were using missiles which are notoriously inaccurate and which could hit civilian targets.

Both men were serving in the Murmansk oblast, but in December 2021 were sent to Belarus, supposedly for training, and then, in February 2022, to Kursk (in Russia), also purportedly for training.  In the second half of February, however, they were moved to the Belgorod oblast, bordering with Ukraine and learned from their command about the war.  The prosecution has not established the identity of those who issued the order to fire the Grad missiles.  

The Russians’ unit was successfully destroyed by the Ukrainian Armed Forces.  Both Bobikin and Ivanov hid for a while and then gave themselves up.  Like Vadim Shishimarin, the 21-year-old Russian soldier sentenced to life imprisonment on 24 May for killing a civilian, Bobikin and Ivanov are prisoners of war.  This means that they cannot be prosecuted for taking part in the war, but there are no such restrictions where war crimes are concerned, and these include bombing civilian targets.

The case is particularly important as Russia has claimed from the outset that it is only hitting military targets.  Most incredibly, it is still continuing to do so, despite carrying out horrific bombing that has all but destroyed Mariupol and is now destroying other whole cities in the Donbas.

Within a day of Russia’s total invasion, the International Criminal Court [ICC] Prosecutor Karim Khan had stated that the Court was closely following developments in Ukraine and that it might investigate possible war crimes.  Within days of Khan suggesting that ICC member states would expedite proceedings by asking for an investigation, 42 countries had lodged such applications. .  Within days, 42 member states had lodged such applications.  On 25 April, the Office of the ICC Prosecutor stated that it would participate, for the first time ever, in a joint investigation team on alleged core international crimes committed in Ukraine, initially set up on 25 March.  On 31 May, it was announced that Estonia, Latvia and Slovakia are joining the original three countries - Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine – on the Joint Investigation Team.  During the same press conference, the ICC prosecutor said that he is planning to open an office in Kyiv and said that the teamwork “shows that there is this common front of legality that is absolutely essential, not just for Ukraine … but for the continuation of peace and security all over the world,”

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