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16.01.2013
source: dif.org.ua

EU or Customs Union? Ukrainians’ Preference

   

 

The Democratic Initiatives Foundation, together with the Razumkov Centre, have carried out a public opinion survey to find out people’s attitude to Ukraine’s relations with the EU on the one hand, and the Customs Union on the other. Two thousand people from all parts of the country were surveyed.

In the second half of December, 48%  of respondents believed that Ukraine should join the European Union, with 29% against.

40% were in favour of joining the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, with 37% against.

15% favoured joining NATO, with 60% against.

In an alternative question regarding the integration direction that Ukraine should take: EU, Customs Union or neither, the results were:

EU                              42%

Customs Union       32%

Neither                      10%

There was a marked difference depending on region with 65% in favour of EU integration in the West; 50% in the Centre; against preference for the Customs Union standing at 50% in the South; and 48.5% in the East.

An absolute majority supported the conditions put forward by the EU for the signing of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement.

Should Ukraine join: 

Yes

No

Hard to say

The EU

48, 4

29, 2

22, 4

NATO

14, 9

60, 2

24, 9

Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

40, 3

36, 7

23, 0

Which integration direction should Ukraine take?  Give one answer only

Joining the EU

42, 4

Joining the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

32, 1

Not affiliated to either

10, 5

Hard to say

15, 0

In order to sign the EU Ukraine Association Agreement, Ukraine must fulfil certain conditions. How do you feel about such conditions?

 

For

Against

Hard to say

Improve the electoral system, bring in an electoral code

68, 7

9, 8

21, 5

Reform the judicial system

76, 0

7, 6

16, 4

Eliminate politically motivated court rulings

70, 1

9, 7

20, 2

Enforce European Court of Human Rights judgements

75, 3

7, 0

17, 7

Do you think that Ukraine is capable of fulfilling these conditions?

Yes, fully

23, 3

Some yes, some no

35, 2

No, not at all

13, 5

Ukraine shouldn’t fulfil the conditions imposed

10, 3

Hard to say

17, 7

What direction do you think Ukraine has been moving in over the last year?

Towards greater integration with the EU

18, 7

Towards greater integration with Russia and CIS countries

24, 4

It hasn’t moved anywhere

38, 7

Hard to say

18, 2

Which integration direction should Ukraine take?  Give one answer only

 

October 2011

February 2012.

August 2012

December 2012

Joining the EU

43, 7

38, 6

36, 1

42, 4

Joining the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

30, 5

29, 7

39, 1

32, 1

Not affiliated to either

9, 3

11, 7

9, 9

10, 5

Hard to say

16, 4

20, 0

14, 9

15, 0

Should Ukraine join the EU?

 

August 2012

December 2012

Yes

42, 1

48, 4

No

38, 6

29, 2

Hard to say

19, 3

22, 4

Should Ukraine join the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan?

 

August 2012

December 2012

Yes

46, 5

40, 3

No

34, 5

36, 7

Hard to say

19

23

 

Should Ukraine join the EU?

 

West

Centre

South

East

Yes

67, 4

55, 2

34, 6

36, 6

No

15, 5

20, 4

40, 5

40, 9

Hard to say

17, 0

24, 4

24, 8

22, 5

 

Should Ukraine join NATO?

 

West

Centre

South

East

Yes

35, 1

16, 0

5, 9

5, 8

No

39, 2

52, 3

73, 9

74, 3

Hard to say

25, 7

31, 6

20, 3

19, 9

Should Ukraine join the Customs Union with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan?

 

West

Centre

South

East

Yes

16, 3

32, 6

54, 4

55, 7

No

62, 8

37, 8

22, 0

26, 6

Hard to say

20, 9

29, 6

23, 6

17, 6

 

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