Special Zombie Status? Kremlin-backed ’republics’ block all independent media
Kremlin-backed militants in Donbas have forced the local Internet provider to block 39 websites, including the main media writing openly about Russian military involvement in the war in Donbas, opposition, etc. The news coincided with the announcement by the so-called ‘Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics’ [‘DPR’ and ‘LPR’] that they propose “special status” as integral parts of Ukraine. This would be extremely special status since Ukraine’s Constitution specifically prohibits censorship and Internet sites may only be blocked by court order.
The list has in fact only been extended from the 27 sites blocked in September 2014. The same provider then posted a letter from the ‘DPR Ministry of Information’ saying that it was taking measures to “prevent incitement to inter-ethnic enmity and circulation of knowingly false information and slander” and listing the sites it wanted blocked. ‘Demanded’ would be a better term since the provider was told that the “case will be handed to DPR law enforcement bodies” should they not comply.
The new sites deemed to be ‘inciting inter-ethnic enmity’ and engaging in “slander” include Radio Svoboda, Informator.lg.ua, Liga.net and others (see below). Any of these are likely to post information, for example, about Maria Varfolomeyeva, the Luhansk journalist held by militants for over 5 months; about reports such as Putin. War compiled by slain Russian politician Boris Nemtsov’s associates and one recently published about religious persecution in militant-controlled Donbas.
A number of the journalists working for the blocked sites are, in fact, from Donbas but were driven out of the area through threats or direct attacks. IMI’s monitoring in 2014 reported at least 34 attacks on media in Donbas that refused to cooperate with the self-styled ‘republics’. Some were also held hostage for considerable periods of time, and Maria Varfolomeyeva remains imprisoned and tormented for Russian propaganda channels.
One of the first things that the militants did when seizing control of a city in 2014 was to cut off all Ukrainian channels, replacing them with Russian pro-Kremlin media. Such media sources present the militants as insurgents defending the rights of the local population, avoid any mention of Russian spetsnaz officers captured in Donbas, crimes committed by militants, etc. Most importantly they portray the Ukrainian military as carrying out ‘punitive actions’, often claimed to be ‘war crimes’, and accuse them of being behind the conflict in general, and each case of shelling, each killing of civilians, and so forth.
For those uninterested in politics, but in danger of confronting hard facts and armed militants on the rampage on a daily basis, there are still publications which provide Soviet-style escape from reality.
Mirny Donbas [Peaceful Donbas)
Iryna Chulivska from the Institute for Mass Information has been monitoring the printed press still available in militant-occupied Donbas. She mentions the official paper of the ‘DPR and LPR People’s Soviets “Peaceful Donbas”
If you immerse yourself in its pages, she says, you can imagine you’re in a wonderful country where everything is fabulous, unlike the terrible life in ‘fascist Ukraine’.
“In a nutshell, the main message of the press currently available on Donetsk is that “in Ukraine everything’s bad, and in the ‘Republic’ – it’s good. And in Russia everything’s also good, and therefore the ‘Republic’ can look forward to a glorious future”.
All very much in the style of President Vladimir Putin’s Russia: the same attacks on journalists, blocking or forced closure of independent media, and use of terror and intimidation to silence critics.
Only the Donbas militants have now received orders to envisage all of that as part of their ‘special status’ within Ukraine, and that now is much more problematical.