war crimes in Ukraine

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Dramatic retrial order after pro-Russian journalists imprisoned for over 2 years

Halya Coynash

The Kyiv Court of Appeal has revoked the 9-year sentences passed on journalist Dmytro Vasylets and media worker Yevhen Timonin for their alleged help for the Novorosiya propaganda channel, and has ordered a retrial.  The two men, who have been in custody since November 2015, were placed under house arrest for two months and will have to wear electronic bracelets. 

The appeal against the conviction and nine-year sentence passed in September 2017 by the Andrushivka Court (Zhytomyr oblast)  was thus allowed in part, but the men were not acquitted.  There is, however, a stricter time limit on house arrest, so it is possible that the two men will be freed before the new trial.  Vasylets had earlier asserted that the SBU [Security Service] had offered to release them as part of the exchange for Ukrainian soldiers and civilian hostages on 27 December 2017.  He said that both had refused.

Svitlana Novytska, one of the men’s lawyers, stated last year that the European Court of Human Rights had accepted as admissible their application against what she called the men’s illegal detention.  They could not yet lodge an application over any sentence since all legal avenues must have been exhausted in Ukraine, and indeed the appeal court has revoked the sentence.

As reported, Vasylets and Timonin were arrested by the SBU in November 2015 and accused of helping the self-proclaimed ‘Donbas people’s republic’ [‘DPR’] set up the pro-Russian and extremely anti-Ukrainian ‘Novorossiya TV’ propaganda channel. 

The two men were convicted on 29 September 2017 of  providing “material, organizational or other help in the formation or activities of a terrorist organization” (Article 258-3 § 1).

Timonin, who was an active participant in Anti-Maidan, and strongly supported the pro-Russian militants in Donbas, had also been found guilty of public calls to commit acts of terrorism (Article 258-2 of the 2006 edition of the Criminal Code) and of incitement to enmity based on race, nationality, religious views, etc. (Article 161).  Although sentenced on these charges to 5 years’ imprisonment and restriction of liberty, respectively, the court had ordered that these were to be served at the same time as the 9-year sentence.  

Both men had denied the charges, and Timonin asserted that the highly inflammatory posts on his social media (VKontakte) page, on which the extra two charges were based, were not his.  The defence also disputed the classification of ‘DPR’ as a terrorist organization. 

Both men were also members of the Public Council under Ukraine’s Ministry of Information Policy, with Vasylets even the Deputy Chair.  This caused embarrassment and some questions raised in the Ministry and in media circles.  It was also invariably brought up by those supporting the men to push the idea that Vasylets is a journalist and human rights activist, and his imprisonment an attack on freedom of speech.   It is likely that the men’s lawyers will insist to the Court in Strasbourg that their clients’ right to liberty was infringed because of the time the men were held in custody, which was partly due to the constant postponement of court hearings.

The grounds for the Court of Appeal’s ruling have not yet been made public.  It is not clear whether the court simply felt that the 9-year sentence was too long, or if there were other issues behind the order of a retrial. 

Since the men were not acquitted, the following details may be helpful, although it must be borne in mind that the verdict was revoked.

Vasylets and Timonin both denied all charges, and asserted that neither had had anything to do with setting up Novorossiya TV.  The verdict, over 25 pages, set out all the evidence which appeared to refute this claim.  The posts which form the justification for the specific charges in Timonin’s case proposed “to get rid of Maidan scum” [the original is more offensive] and to seize police stocks of arms and use them for a purge of members of the Right Sector nationalist organization.  The VKontakte page cited in the verdict is hidden and, in any case, it would require professionals to ascertain that material had been posted by somebody else as Timonin was asserting.  It is not clear whether such an analysis was carried out. 

The charges

The prosecution accused Vasylets and Timonin of having, in June and July 2014, travelled to militant-controlled Donbas and provided consultation and practical assistance to the DPR militants in setting up their television channel Novorossiya TV on the Internet.  Vasylets was supposed to have made an agreement with the militant ‘director of Novorossiya TV to bring a person with the technical skills required, this person being Timonin.

Vasylets was known then and later for media projects such as ‘Pravilnoye TV’ [Correct TV] and ‘Media Lustration’.  On the latter program, Vasylets would assign a so-called ‘Goebbells award to Ukrainian journalists who were alleged to be producing fake news, etc.

It was during the first months of the Russian-backed  military conflict in Donbas that the issue of fake news, and state-promoted propaganda first gained real attention beyond Ukraine.  Russian and pro-Russian media, including the projects run by Vasylets, were full of fake actors, occasionally used as different personae on on different Russian TV channels, as well as old footage, sometimes from other countries used to ‘prove’ supposed Ukrainian war crimes.  The overriding message was that Ukraine was slaughtering its own population, with Russia and certain Ukrainian ‘insurgents’ endeavouring to protect the civilian population.  Among the most cynical ploys was the deliberate distortion of the tragic fire on 2 May 2014, with Russia and all militant resources pushing the line that it was a deliberate massacre by ‘Ukrainian radicals’.  One of the posts over which Timonin was prosecuted for incitement specifically mentions the Odesa fire, and young men are known to have cited the lies about the events of that day as a supposed ‘last straw’ prompting them to go and fight against Ukraine’s army in Donbas.

Vasylets’ claim that he sought to tell ‘the truth’ about what was happening is simply not borne out by the considerable evidence remaining of the distorted picture that such channels sought to achieve, and the methods used to do so. 

As soon as the militants, often led and / or manned by Russians seized a city, they cut off Ukrainian media, ensuring that residents could only receive highly distorted information in which Ukrainians were ‘the villains’.  A large number of journalists were also taken hostage, with some tortured, and many others choosing to leave Donbas, rather than wait till they were next. 

Novorossiya TV was, and largely, remains part of that propaganda machine. 

Whether there is adequate proof of Vasylets’ and Timonin’s involvement will now be again considered by a first-instance court.  It is likely that the defence will continue to argue that ‘DPR’ cannot be called a terrorist organization’. 

The original court rejected the latter argument, noting that according to Ukraine’s Law on Fighting Terrorism, “an organization is recognized as terrorist if at least one of its structural subdivisions carries out terrorist activities with the knowledge of at least one of the organization’s leaders.” 

The court’s view that ‘DPR’ fell under the relevant classification seems to have been shared by a British court which in July 2017 jailed Ben Stimson to five years and four

Stimson under the UK Terrorism Act for his part in the fighting in Donbas on the side of the Russian and Russian-backed militants.  


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